No planting occurred over the next four decades. The British meanwhile continued building railways and roads, and one consequence was an increased capability for serving a growing market for forest products—and increased tree cutting. By , conditions had deteriorated so much that officers in most of central India were treating teak as an oddity. There are many reasons for deforestation to occur. Many of the reasons are region-specific, but in general it is possible to pin-point the major reasons for deforestation to occur.
The major reasons for deforestation to occur can be dealt with by dividing the causes among the various sections of the society. Here the emphasis has been given to the major causes facing the Indian act of deforestation. The rural area is partly responsible for the deforestation of the forests of India, as they are sometimes desperate to clear the forests for their own survival.
We must also not forget the indifferent attitude of the forest officials towards the villagers, who are often dubbed illiterates, and at times made the scapegoat. From the rural sector, no doubt, there are reasons that contribute to the deforestation scenario. This refers to the wood cut by the villagers for cooking and other purposes.
Sometimes the greed to sell more and earn more may instigate many a villager to indiscriminately exploit the forest. Moreover, there are times when the villagers are not competent enough to know what kind of trees what kind of protection.
The loss of forest resources occurs when in collecting the wood, the villagers cause harm to the trees, of course unknowingly, yet irreparable.
The practice of agriculture by the rural people was affected by the market economy, which encouraged the farmers to produce more, but at the expense of the forests.
Besides, the cultivable area was so small and deficient, that the villagers thought it best to clear large areas of forests to meet their demands. In every community, there are areas which are for the use of the people in general. Grazing lands are one of them. Due to excess grazing of the cattle in the grazing lands, the top soil is washed away, which makes it useless for any purpose, including grazing.
This prompted the villagers to clear the forest areas for growing fodder. This has, without doubt, led to deforestation. The urban sector consists of both the urban population demands and the sub-urban population demands.
It must be understood that the urban sector is involved in the act of deforestation indirectly, but to a greater magnitude than the rural sector. The major reason that prompts the urban sector to get itself involved in this deforestation act is the emergence of the mass consumption, propounded by W. This era is characterized by a hedonistic attitude of the people, coupled with total disregard for the environment. The various ways in which the urban sector contributes to the disastrous act of deforestation are: There is considerable demand for housing in the urban sector.
Since the land area is limited, the only option for the real estate dealers is to buy the forest land for cheap, clear them and make housing sites for the urban populace. This also includes the demand for wood in the construction of the houses. With more demand, greater is the harm done to the forests.
With the growth of more housing in the cities, there is a greater need to, Provide various infrastructural facilities for the people, which sure has a major impact on the forests.
Be it the laying of roads, or networking cities, is titanic operation to clear the impediments on the route, which are the forests. Hence forests become the prey to the modern developmental processes. In order to reduce the congestion in the urban areas, various infrastructures are developed along the fringes of the cities to divert the population. But this process has an evil effect. Though the satellite towns may remain enviro-friendly for some time, with the passage of time and the simultaneous increase, not only, in the population, but also in the migration of rural people to the urban areas.
This concept is double -edged sword—it not only clears away the forests on the fringes of the cities, but also causes the formation of another city, with all its hatred for the forest.
Doing business for profit is the motto of many corporates. But this aim should not in any way make the sector apathetic to the environmental pollution that it causes. Moreover, the setting up of industries needs large tracts of land and the cheapest option is the forests. Hence, forests end up as the production centres of many goods.
In particular, there are industries that need a lot of inputs that are got only from the forests. These industries are many, but it would be a mistake to consider that all the agro-based industries lead to deforestation.
Three major industries are identified that cause mass deforestation. It is the paper industry which is the highest user of wood in the world.
Mining is a devastating operation that not only destroys the natural ecosystems, particularly if it is surface mining, but also, introduces tremendous distortions in the forestry sector of the nation. The associated problems of deforestation are marked and are to be expected in any mining operation. The recovery of the mineral and construction materials requires removal of vegetal cover. This results in reshaping of the topography and large-scale denuding of the forest cover.
The leather industry is one of the fastest growing sectors in the nation. This industry does a knowing harm to the ecosystem. This is a concern to plant breeders because several of these species are commercially valuable crops Grainger Crops that grow on the outskirts of the forests have been bred from wild plants to give the best yields under particular environmental conditions.
Extracts from the wild plants have been taken in order to make use of specific genetic characteristics from the entire population. Also, some high yielding rice varieties last only two years before being attacked by a new insect pest and needing replacement Grainger Deforestation is increasing the rate of species extinction so that the plants we are using will disappear along with many animals also. It occurs naturally at a rate of about one species every two years Species are put at much risk early on when their numbers drop so low that they could be eliminated by drought, disease or other random events.
There are many endangered species found in the tropical rainforests that risk extinction if the present conditions continue. Some examples are the koupray or wild cow of Southeast Asia, of which only individuals remain, the broad-nosed lemur from Madagascar, which is down to just two colonies, and the southern bearded saki, a monkey living in the forests of the northeast Amazonia Many medical advances have come from the abundant botanical resources of the tropical rainforests.
Extracts from organisms are used directly as drugs for many maladies ranging from headaches to lethal diseases such as malaria. In addition, chemical structures from organisms serve as templates for which scientists can chemically synthesize drug compounds.
The blueprint for aspirin is found in extracts from willow trees in the rainforest for example. Finally, the plants of the rainforest provide aids for research. Deforestation also contributes significantly to the greenhouse effect and global warming. To begin, the sun emits short wave radiation through the atmosphere to the Earth. Certain trace gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, ozone, and nitrous oxide retain heat by trapping some of the infrared radiation. Clearing and burning rainforests releases considerable amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
Deforestation is also responsible for destroying our means of absorbing and storing the substance. This leads to global warming because the Earth has lost one of its only ways to absorb excess atmospheric carbon.
Through photosynthesis the rainforests absorb the carbon dioxide and emit oxygen. Rapid warming of the atmosphere can have tremendous consequences. First, many species will not be able to survive the climate change or may not be able to continue life in another habitat. Secondly, the sea level will rise approximately 1. Tropical deforestation has many significant environmental impacts. It threatens the biodiversity of our planet, deters medicinal discoveries plant species may offer and contributes to potential global warming resulting from the greenhouse effect.
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Here is your Essay on Deforestation! Deforestation is the permanent devastation of native forests and woods. Deforestation happens in many ways: when trees are cut down to grow crops, for livestock, logging so wood can be used for building things like houses and furniture, for roads and neighborhoods, for firewood, and forest fires.
Deforestation essaysEarth without forests is a picture that most of humankind presently could not conceive. Forests cover much of the planet's land area. They are extremely important to humans and the natural world. However, deforestation has been consuming our forests. Deforestation brings abo.
Deforestation Essay 1 ( words) Deforestation is the removal of forests on a big level by cutting down plants or burning of forests for fulfilling the personal needs. The word deforestation is used to describe the process of cutting down and burning the trees in forests and woodland and converting.
Essay # 1. Meaning of Deforestation: Deforestation, in the simple sense, will mean the removal of vegetation from an area. Deforestation, as the name suggests, is the clearing of forests and trees from an area for various commercial purposes. List of the Most Impressive Deforestation Essay Topics for College. The trees provide vital regulating ecosystem services, including stabilizing microclimate, soil structure, and atmospheric composition.