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In case you used our services but do not have an account yet, please choose ' I am a new customer ' option on the order page. Thank you for understanding! Please, enter email address. Essay on Natural Disasters. What were the most catastrophic natural disasters of the 20th century? Is there anywhere that is safe from natural disasters?
Could a super volcano like Yellowstone plunge the world into an ice age? What is the most powerful natural disaster? Are long term droughts the worst natural disasters?
Why are we not better protected against natural disasters? Can we predict earthquakes? Why do we still build cities along fault lines? What causes mudslides and similar disasters What is the worst natural disaster you can imagine? Writing Paraphrasing Editing Proofreading Formatting. Please accept our Terms. Your message has been successfully sent! We will get back to you soon. Our Activity in Degrees We Help with: Depending on the severity, lives can be lost in any number of disasters.
Falling buildings or trees, freezing to death, being washed away, or heat stroke are just some of the deadly effects. Some disasters cause more loss of life than others, and population density affects the death count as well. Fields saturated in salt water after tsunamis take years to grow crops again. Homes destroyed by floods, hurricanes, cyclones, landslides and avalanches, a volcanic eruption, or an earthquake are often beyond repair or take a lot of time to become livable again.
Personal effects, memorabilia, vehicles, and documents also take a hit after many natural disasters. The natural disasters that really affect people worldwide tend to become more intense as the years go on. Frequency of earthquakes, mega storms, and heat waves has gone up considerably in the last few decades.
Heavy population in areas that get hit by floods, cyclones, and hurricanes has meant that more lives are lost. In some areas, the population has gotten somewhat prepared for the eventuality of disasters and shelters are built for hurricanes and tornadoes.
Scientists, geologists, and storm watchers work hard to predict major disasters and avert as much damage as possible. But there arestill natural disasters that come up rather unexpectedly, such as earthquakes, wildfires, landslides, or even volcanic eruptions. Areas that are not used to disasters affected by flash floods or sudden hail storms can be affected in an extreme way.
However, despite the many natural disasters the world over, mankind has shown amazing resilience. When an area or country is badly affected by a natural disaster, the reaction is always one of solidarity and aid is quick to come.
There are organizations set up with the primary goal of being prepared for natural disasters. These groups work on global and local scale rescue work.
Many people talk about when a disaster has hit and their neighbours and countrymen have come to aid, often to their own loss. People will step in and donate items, time, and skills in order to help those affected by a natural disaster. Celebrities will often do what they can to raise money through concerts, phone marathons, and visiting affected areas with aid. People have also shown that they can rebuild, lives can be remade or start over. Trauma is a big after effect of natural disasters and getting counseling has been the focus of aid-to heal emotionally as well as physically.
However, science is making it more possible to predict, aid is faster at coming, and people are learning how to rebuild in safer areas. India is having a high risk towards earthquakes.
During the last 20 years, India has experienced 10 major earthquakes that have resulted in more than 35, deaths. The most vulnerable areas, according to the present seismic zone map of India include the Himalayan and Sub-Himalayan regions, Kutch and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Depending on varying degrees of seismicity, the entire country can be divided into the following seismic regions: Though the regions of the country away from the Himalayas and other inter-plate boundaries were considered to be relatively safe from damaging earthquakes, the presence of a large number of non-engineering structures and buildings with poor foundations in these areas make these regions also susceptible to earthquakes.
In the recent past, even these areas also have experienced earthquake, of lower magnitude than the Himalayan earthquakes. The North-eastern part of the country continues to experience moderate to strong earthquakes. On an average, this region experiences an earthquake with magnitude greater than 5.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are situated on an inter-plate boundary and therefore are likely to experience damaging earthquakes frequently.
The increase in the use of high-technology equipment and tools in manufacturing and service industries have also made them susceptible to disruption due to relatively moderate ground shaking.
The country receives an annual precipitation of million hectare meters. The flood hazard is compounded by the problems of sediment deposition, drainage congestion and synchronization of river floods with sea tides in the coastal plains. The area vulnerable to floods is 40 million hectares and the average area affected by floods annually is about 8 million hectares.
About 30 million people are affected by flood every year. Floods in the Indo-Gangetic-Brahmaputra plains are an annual feature. Drought prone areas comprise About 50 million people are affected annually by drought. Of approximately 90 million hectares of rain-fed areas, about 40 million hectares are prone to scanty or no rain.
Of these, the majority has their initial genesis over the Bay of Bengal and strike the east coast of India. On an average, five to six tropical cyclones form every year, of which two or three could be severe. An analysis of the frequency of cyclones on the East and West Coasts of India between and shows that nearly cyclones occurred 92 severe in a 50 km wide strip on the East Coast.
Less severe cyclonic activity has been noticed on the West Coast, with 33 cyclones occurring in the same period, out of which 19 of these were severe. The cyclones of severe intensity and frequency in the north Indian Ocean are bi-modal in character, with their primary peak in November and secondary peak in May. The disaster potential is particularly high at the time of landfall in the north Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea due to the accompanying destructive wind, storm surges and torrential rainfall.
Of these, storm surges are the greatest killers of a cyclone, by which sea water inundates low lying areas of coastal regions and causes heavy floods, erodes beaches and embankments, destroys vegetation and reduces soil fertility. In the hilly terrain of India including the Himalayas, landslides have been a major and widely spread natural disasters that often strike life and property and occupy a position of major concern.
One of the worst tragedies took place at Malpa Uttrakhand on 11th and 17th August, When nearly people were killed when massive landslides washed away the entire village.
This included 60 pilgrims going to Lake. In Cloud burst led flash mudslides and flash floods killed people, including 6 foreigners and injured more than and swept away number of houses, sweeping away buildings, bus stand and military installations in trans-Himalaya Leh town of Jammu and Kashmir.
Giving due consideration to the severity of the problem various land reform measures have been initiated as mitigation measures. Avalanches are river like speedy flow of snow or ice descending from the mountain tops.
Avalanches are very damaging and cause huge loss to life and property. Beside killing people, avalanches also damage the roads and others properties and settlements falling in its way. Tsunami, or seismic sea waves, are large ocean waves generated by impulses from geophysical events occurring on the ocean floor or along the coastline, such as earthquakes, landslides and volcanic eruptions. Mostly occurring in the Pacific Ocean, tsunamis, although hardly noticeable at sea, can reach gigantic proportions as they reach shallow, coastal waters.
In Hawaii and Japan, for example, tsunamis have been known to reach 30 m in height. At least 22 countries along the rim of the Pacific are estimated to beat risk from potential tsunami.
The fact that tsunamis can travel 10, km at velocities exceeding km per hour with little loss of energy and are, therefore, capable of hitting areas not directly affected by the inducing event, has led to the establishment of a tsunami early warning service for the whole circum-Pacific area.
However, only a few of the 22 countries most at risk are considered to have standard operating procedures for immediate evacuation or reliable, rapid communication systems capable of receiving real-time warnings from the Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre.
About 6,people have been killed by tsunami during alone. Probably the best documented of these events is the occurrence at Noshiro, Japan, in which caused approximately deaths and extensive property damage and flooding.
Tsunamis have multiple origin— Over past two thousand years there have been 10, 00, deaths attributed to tsunami in the Pacific region alone. Earlier Pacific Tsunami warning system was established for forecasting the event. Judged by the frequency with which they cause damage and by the surface area of the regions they strike, windstorms can be said to be the most significant of all natural hazards.
Windstorms influence precipitation systems floods and, most importantly, cause severe destruction to crops and properties. Today increasing attention is being paid to windstorms, particularly tropical cyclones as some scientists see their incidence as being a possible indicator of global climatic change and predict an increase in their frequency. Have tropical cyclone frequencies or their intensities increased with global changes throughout the last century? However, global listings of disasters rarely include those which occur in small states such as island states, which in areas such as the Caribbean, Indian Ocean and South Pacific are particularly prone to tropical cyclones.
This is because listings often set a criteria based on magnitude of impact with which small states cannot compete against larger countries. However, the proportional impact upon small states is often far greater in terms of population, housing and economics. The impact of cyclones goes far beyond just deaths and building damage. In developing countries destruction of infrastructure and primary agriculture can lead to a decrease in exports and gross national product, while increasing the likelihood of forfeiture of international loan repayments.
Contamination of water supplies and destruction of crops can also lead to disease and starvation. Many mid-latitude cyclonic depressions can give rise to exceptionally heavy rain and widespread flooding and snow fall too.
Dust storms are windstorms accompanied by suspended clay, silt materials, usually but not always without precipitation. Average million tonnes of dust are entrained by winds each year. Severe windstorms with high level of flush rain often called thunderstorms associated with lightning, hail and tornadoes cause massive destruction of properties and also human lives through out the world. Early warning and emergency relief operation are the major management activity.
Forest or bush fire, though not causing much loss to human life, is a major hazard for forest cover in the country. As per Forest Survey of India report, 50 per cent of the forest cover of the country is fire prone, out of which 6. Average annual physical loss due to forest fire in the country is estimated to worth Rs. The major loss due to forest fire is caused to the environment which gets adversely affected by this calamity. The degradation of climate, soil and water quality, loss of wildlife and its habitat, deterioration of human health, depletion of ozone layer, etc.
The coniferous forests in the Himalayan region are very susceptible to fire and every year there are one or more major fire incidences in these areas. The other parts of the country dominated by deciduous forest are also damaged by fire up to an extent. It is worth mentioning that in India 90 per cent of the forest fires are man-made intentionally or unintentionally. There are two types of magma ejected out of volcanoes —silica poor materials, and silica rich materials.
The silica poor volcanoes called basaltic volcanoes, while the silica rich volcanoes are andesitic volcanoes. There are many hazardous phenomena produced directly or as secondary effects, by volcanic eruptions. In addition indirectly they are associated with earthquake and tsunami events. Volcanoes are visually one of the most spectacular natural hazardous to occur and probably most devastating in terms of loss of human life.
The volcano likes Mt.
People should manage natural disasters by bringing new emphasis to research, preparedness, response, and recovery. Agencies and systems have researched natural disasters for years. Scientists now are developing more accurate methods of warning (FEMA, Disasters ).
This essay seeks to provide an overview of insurance specifically on assessment, measurement and management of both man-made risks and natural disaster risks. The essay further highlights the formulas adopted in measuring man-made risks.
Disaster Management and Planning: Many regions in India are highly vulnerable to natural and other disasters on account of geological conditions. Disaster management has therefore emerged as a high priority. Natural disasters happen all over the world, and they can be utterly devastating for people’s lives and the environments in which they live. Although natural disasters are caused by nature and there is nothing that we can do to prevent them happening, there are many different natural causes that lead to natural disasters, and being aware of .
Your natural disasters essay will be much easier to write if you take the time to map out your outline first. Your outline allows you to understand what the structure of your essay will be and what subjects you should cover within each section.5/5. Natural disasters are extreme, sudden events caused by environmental factors that injure people and damage property. Earthquakes, windstorms, floods, and disease all strike .