The code developed by Barbier was phonetic Jimenez et al. In other words, the code was designed for sighted people and was based on the sounds of words, not on an actual alphabet. Nevertheless, Barbier discovered that variants of raised dots within a square were the easiest method of reading by touch Jimenez et al. This reading system was not suitable for daily use by blind people, however, as the symbols were too large for the fingertip, greatly reducing the speed at which a message could be read Herron, As a result, his system was also inappropriate for widespread adoption within the blind community.
Compared to the 26 letters of the sighted alphabet, this was an absurdly high number. To reduce the possible combinations, Louis Braille kept the raised dot system, but developed a system that would reflect the sighted alphabet.
Even though the Braille system gained immediate popularity with the blind students at the Institute in Paris, it had to gain acceptance among the sighted leaders before its adoption throughout France. This support was necessary because sighted teachers and leaders would ultimately be responsible for the propagation of Braille resources.
This resistance was symptomatic of the prevalent attitude at the time that the blind population had to adapt to the ways of the sighted, rather than develop their own methods.
Although blind people remained disenfranchised throughout the nineteenth century, their increased access to culture through the Braille system in turn granted them growing opportunities for social participation on par with the sighted. With this new means of accessing culture through written works, blind people were later able to integrate more smoothly into society because their ability to access information more closely paralleled the abilities of sighted people.
In other words, the closing of the gap between the abilities of blind and the sighted helped limit cultural understandings of the blind as essentially different and useless. The Braille system meant that the blind community now had the ability to participate in certain cultural experiences previously unavailable to them. Written works, such as books and poetry, had before represented an inaccessible cultural avenue to the blind population.
The distribution of books in Braille, however, enabled people with vision loss to access written culture autonomously, without the aid of reader.
Furthermore, the Braille system led to the development of a music notation system for the blind, although Louis Braille did not develop this system himself Jimenez, et al. At about this time, blind musicians were no longer able to compete with sighted musicians, since music transitioned from performance by memory to performance by written repertoire Kersten, As a result, a tactile musical notation was necessary for equality in musical ability between the blind and sighted Kersten, Braille radically enhanced the abilities of the blind and societal understanding of what the blind could do.
Similarly, the success of the Braille system was not restricted to the practical tactile reading made available to the blind; its significance stems from providing blind people broader access to culture and concomitant gains in social status. When using the Internet for research, you need to make sure you are using a reliable web site.
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