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Niccolò Machiavelli


❶There, I am warmly welcomed, and I feed on the only food I find nourishing and was born to savour. Humanists also viewed the book negatively, including Erasmus of Rotterdam.

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Early life and political career
Recent Forum Posts on Niccolo Machiavelli

When the Medici was deposed in Machiavelli hoped for a new government post. However, now the republican government distrusted him for his previous association with the Medici.

Machiavelli's political writings became more widely known in the second half of the 16th century. When considered dangerous, they were placed in on the Church Index of officially banned books. The Prince was condemned by the Pope and its viewpoints gave rise to the well-known adjective machiavellian, a synonym for political maneuvers marked by cunning, duplicity, or bad faith.

This interpretation of Machiavelli's thought is now being challenged on the grounds that it does not take into account any of his works other than The Prince and does not consider the political situation in Italy when he was writing. From to , Machiavelli was employed as a historiographer.

Niccolo Machiavelli died in Florence on June 21, The above biography is copyrighted. Do not republish it without permission.

The Prince may seem intimidating at first glance and even at the second but has anyone noticed further significance to the work? Why did it exist so long in the international literary eye? I would argue that it claims importance due to not how many battles Machiavelli can list off but what it teaches not only on the battlefield and political realm but serves also as a psychology textbook in saying "this is how the masses think and this is how a leader responds in such and such a case.

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My first question is about "Mandragola" by Machiavelli. And how can i compare this comedy whith the ones by Moliere? My question is, what were the political situations, which prompted Machiavelli to write the Prince? I mean, I know that at the time, Italy was humiliated because so many others from foreign countries were coming in and ruling their states. Does anyone know exactly what a tenet is, or an example of one that can be found in Niccolo Machiavelli's, The Prince?

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Republics need the kind of leaders that Machiavelli describes in The Prince. Nor do those who are left alone feel grateful.

To reform a corrupt state presupposes a good man, but to become a prince presupposes a bad man. Good men, Machiavelli claims, will almost never get power, and bad men will almost never use power for a good end. Yet, since republics become corrupt when the people lose the fear that compels them to obey, the people must be led back to their original virtue by sensational executions reminding them of punishment and reviving their fear.

The apparent solution to the problem is to let bad men gain glory through actions that have a good outcome, if not a good motive. In the Discourses on Livy , Machiavelli favours the deeds of the ancients above their philosophy; he reproaches his contemporaries for consulting ancient jurists for political wisdom rather than looking to the actual history of Rome. He argues that the factional tumults of the Roman republic, which were condemned by many ancient writers, actually made Rome free and great.

Moreover, although Machiavelli was a product of the Renaissance—and is often portrayed as its leading exponent e. His emphasis on the effectual truth led him to seek the hidden springs of politics in fraud and conspiracy, examples of which he discussed with apparent relish. It is notable that, in both The Prince and the Discourses on Livy , the longest chapters are on conspiracy.

Throughout his two chief works, Machiavelli sees politics as defined by the difference between the ancients and the moderns: The moderns are weak because they have been formed by Christianity, and, in three places in the Discourses on Livy , Machiavelli boldly and impudently criticizes the Roman Catholic church and Christianity itself.

But Machiavelli leaves it unclear whether he prefers atheism, paganism, or a reformed Christianity, writing later, in a letter dated April 16, only two months before his death: His history, moreover, takes place in a nonhistorical context—a contest between virtue and fortune. The Art of War , one of only a few works of Machiavelli to be published during his lifetime, is a dialogue set in the Orti Oricellari, a garden in Florence where humanists gathered to discuss philosophy and politics.

Fabrizio, though a mercenary himself, inveighs against the use of mercenaries in modern times and presents the Roman army as his model of military excellence. The dialogue was later praised by the Prussian war theorist Carl von Clausewitz — and has achieved a prominent place in the history of writings on war. The former is a sketch of Castruccio Castracani — , the Ghibelline ruler of Lucca a city near Florence , who is presented as the greatest man of postclassical times.

In it a foolish old jurist, Messer Nicia, allows himself to be cuckolded by a young man, Callimaco, in order to produce a son he cannot beget himself. His wife, Lucrezia, is persuaded to comply—despite her virtue—by a crooked priest, and the conspiracy is facilitated by a procurer.

Since at the end of the play everyone gets what he wants, the lesson is that immoral actions such as adultery can bring happiness—out of evil can come good. Since his own name was infamous, there is little of the former kind.

Nonetheless, his works were read by all the modern philosophers, though only a few of them were brave enough to defend him: One may suspect that some used his doctrines even while joining in attacks on him.

One such scholar, for example, was the Italian philosopher Giovanni Botero — , who was among the first to establish the idea of a moral exemption for the state. There is no modern science in Machiavelli, but the Baconian idea of the conquest of nature and fortune in the interest of humanity is fully present.

So too are modern notions of irreversible progress, of secularism , and of obtaining public good through private interest. Whether Machiavelli could have had so grand an ambition remains controversial, but all agree on his greatness—his novelty, the penetration of his mind, and the grace of his style. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

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This so shocked his readers that they coined his…. Types of classification schemes contribution to diplomacy In diplomacy: The development of Italian diplomacy English thought and letters In English literature: The race for cultural development historical writing In historiography: History humanism In history of Europe: Renaissance thought View More.

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The 20th-century Italian Communist Antonio Gramsci drew great inspiration from Machiavelli's writings on ethics, morals, The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli in different formats and languages; Site containing The Prince, slightly modified for easier reading;.

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Niccolo Machiavelli was born on May 3, , in Florence, Italy. His father, Bernardo belonged to an impoverished branch of an influential old Florentine family. Bernardo was a lawyer and he had a small personal library that included books by Greek and Roman philosophers and volumes of Italian history.

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Among Machiavelli’s lesser writings, two deserve mention: The Life of Castruccio Castracani of Lucca () and The Mandrake (; La Mandragola). The former is a sketch of Castruccio Castracani (–), the Ghibelline ruler of Lucca (a city near Florence), who is presented as the greatest man of postclassical times. External links on Machiavelli: Essays on Machiavelli — Sell term papers, and have links to papers on other topics. You may find them useful if you need ideas, but don't plagiarize, because your instructor probably knows how to detect that.

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Machiavelli became a prolific and diverse author, writing biography (Life of Castruccio Castracani), civic and social history (The History of Florence), and even what many consider to be the best Italian play of the century (Mandragola). Machiavelli is best remembered, however, for his works of political philosophy. The Essential Writings of Machiavelli (Modern Library Classics) [Niccolo Machiavelli, Peter Constantine, Albert Russell Ascoli] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. FINALIST PEN TRANSLATION PRIZE In The Essential Writings of Machiavelli, Peter Constantine has assembled a comprehensive collection that shows the true depth and breadth of a great Renaissance /5(27).