However, certain organs can be donated even by a living donor. The organs that are mostly used for the purpose of transplant include kidney, liver, heart, pancreas, intestines, lungs, bones and bone marrow.
Each country follows its own procedure for organ donation. Here is a look at how different countries encourage and process organ donation.
While certain countries follow the organ donation opt-in procedure others have the opt-out procedure in place. Here is a look at the difference between these two processes of organ donation:. India follows the opt-in system when it comes to organ donation. In order to control organ commerce and encourage donation after brain death, the government of India came up with the law, The Transplantation of Human Organs Act in the year This brought about a considerable change in terms of organ donation in the country.
Spain is known to be the world leader in organ donations. It follows the opt-out system for organ donation. The need for organs in the United States is growing at a rapid pace.
Though there has been a rise in the number of organ donors, however, the number of patients waiting for the organs has increased at a much higher rate. Organ donation in the United States is done only with the consent of the donor or their family.
However, several organizations here are pushing for the opt-out organ donation. Organ donation in the United Kingdom is voluntary. Individuals who want to donate their organs after death can register for the same. This is the only country that has been able to overcome the shortage of transplant organs. It has a legal payment system for organ donation and is also the only country that has legalized organ trade. Organ donation is quite low in Japan as compared to other western countries.
This is mainly due to cultural reasons, distrust in western medicines and a controversial organ transplant that took place in Most of the countries around the world suffer from low organ donor rate. The issue must be taken more seriously. Laws to increase the rate of organ donation must be put in place to encourage the same. Organ donation has been encouraged worldwide. However, the demand of human organs far outweighs the supply.
Low rate of organ donation around the world can be attributed to various reasons. These reasons are discussed below in detail.
The moral status of the black market organ donation is debatable. While some argue in favour of it others are absolutely against the concept. It has been seen that those who donate their organs are generally from the poor section of the society and those who can afford these are quite well off.
There is thus an imbalance in the trade. It has been observed that those who can purchase the organs are taking advantage of the ones who are desperate to sell. This is said to be one of the reasons for the rising inequality of status between the rich and the poor. On the other hand, it is argued that those who want to sell their organs should be allowed to do so as preventing them from it is only contributing to their status as impoverished. Those who are in favour of the organ trade also argue that exploitation is preferable to death and hence organ trade must be legalized.
However, as per a survey, later in life the living donors regret their decision of donating their organs. Several cases of organ theft have also come forward. While those in support of the legalization of organ market say that this happens because of the black market nature of trade while others state that legalizing it would only result in the rise of such crimes as the criminal can easily state that the organ being sold has not been stolen.
Almost all the societies in the world believe that donating organs voluntarily is ethically permissible. Many scholars believe that everyone should donate their organs after death. However, the main issue from the standpoint of deontological ethics is the debate over the definitions of life, death, body and human. It has been argued that organ donation is an act of causing self harm. The use of cloning to come up with organs with a genotype identical to the recipient is another controversial topic.
Xenotransplantation which is the transfer of animal organs into human bodies has also created a stir. Though this has resulted in increased supply of organs it has also received a lot of criticism. Certain animal rights groups have opposed the sacrifice of animals for organ donation.
Campaigns have been launched to ban this new field of transplantation. Different religious groups have different viewpoints regarding organ donation. The Hindu religion does not prohibit people from donating organs. The advocates of the Hindu religion state that it is an individual choice. Buddhists share the same view point. The Catholics consider it as an act of love and charity. It is morally and ethically acceptable as per them.
However, Gypsies tend to oppose it as they believe in afterlife. The Shintos are also against it as they believe that injuring a dead body is a heinous crime.
Apart from this, the political system of a country also impacts organ donation. The organ donation rate can increase if the government extends proper support. There needs to be a strong political will to ensure rise in the transplant rate.
The process as far as the donor is involved is literally effortless, making the decision to be a non-living organ donor one of the easiest, yet most selfless decisions one can make. In addition to donation of organs, individuals have the option of donating tissues, such as skin, bone, and heart valves when deceased. One tissue donor can enhance and even save the lives of at least fifty people.
This type of donation must begin within twenty-four hours of death, but unlike organs, tissue can be processed and stored for a much longer time period. Donated tissue is used in burn cases, ligament repair, and bone replacement of patients. The cornea is the clear dome-like window covering of the front of the eye that enables sight when by granting light to pass through to the retina, and donation of the cornea is implemented to preserve and restore sight.
Organ donation provides hope and the chance at renewed lives for thousands. For many, an organ transplant is a solid and secure option to saving his or her life. When kidney failure, cirrhosis of the liver, heart disease, or lung disease occurs and all other treatment routes have been addressed, transplantation is a feasible choice to cure such conditions. Each of the available donation routes provide hope to thousands by renewing lives and are officially regulated by the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network OPTN.
UNOS established the organ sharing system to efficiently regulate allocation and matching of organs, while collecting, storing, analyzing, and publishing information regarding donors and potential recipients to promote further donation. Although distributing organs on this basis maximizes the fairness and equality in organ transplantation, some such as Samia Madwar believe that this system could more efficient if it involved the use of stricter donor-recipient matching for kidneys.
If a child was in need of a kidney transplant, for instance, then his or her body would be in greater need of a kidney from a younger donor than an adult that was first on the transplant waiting list.
Younger recipients should receive younger kidneys to enhance the post-transplant life expectancy for recipients and maximize the success rates of transplantations. Exciting advancements are taking place, for the process of organ transplantation is an ever-changing procedure with new breakthroughs emerging daily. Since the first successful organ transplant, doctors have dramatically improved processes and recovery rates, making the procedure a routine treatment option for thousands of patients each year.
Despite the growing advances in technology and medicine, the demand for organs and tissue to transplant far surpasses the supply from donation. The incredible growth in transplantation is only advantageous with an availability of organs. Although the scientific aspect of organ transplants are no longer a limitation, social obstacles of organ donation result in the death of more than five thousand potential transplant recipients every year in the United States alone Harris.
In order to promote organ donation at the source and generate awareness, Zonal Co-Ordination Committee in Karnataka for Transplants ZCCK recently held the first of hopefully many training sessions for organ transplant coordinators in Bangalore, Karnataka India. This five-day program was held to train sixty participants from and around Bangalore how to actively promote organ donation and counsel families of potential donors in hospitals in the area.
Organized for medical and non-medical professionals, the training curriculum sought to equip anyone from doctors to social workers with the skills to identify potential organ donors, while promoting organ transplantation to families through counseling.
Although some transplant coordinators are already involved in some hospitals, ZCCK hopes this extensive training will provide every hospital with at least one well-trained and capable coordinator. Daniel Goldstein and Eric J. Johnson conducted research on the use and effect of defaults in the process of organ donation in order to raise awareness that vast advancements in organ transplantations could be made with a small change in public policy.
Their conclusions, in support with other research, provide evidence that a change in the default to donate organs in the United States could provide thousands of additional organ donors per year. Until such policy changes are implemented, our only hope presently is to develop promotion and education.
According to Tom Harris, many doctors and politicians suggest that legal and social change are the best options for promotion of organ donation. Even though legal change can be timely, social change can spread like wildfire and be established by each and every one of us. We need the social change of added compassion that should be instilled in humanity, and although a change of heart may be a long shot away, we must set examples until then. As we strive for long awaited social change, we must first register ourselves.
The process of becoming an organ donor is quick and effortless. One such option is through state donor registries. By doing this, the name of a potential donor will be added to the donor list in the national system for organ donation.
Above all else, however, wishes to donate must be relayed to family. Family consent at the time of death takes precedence over other indications, no matter how legal the documents.
A potential organ donor must ensure that his or her family is aware and intends to adhere to donation wishes at the time of death Harris. According to the U. Imagine a world in which every possible person was generous enough to donate their viable and otherwise wasted organs to those in need.
Give the gift of hope, and become an organ donor. Organ Donation and Transplantation Information for Patients.
Free Essay: Organ Donation Organ donation is a topic which contains many conflicting views. To some of the public population organ donation is a genuine way.
Here is your short essay on Organ Donation! Organ donation is the act of donating an organ by a person so that it can be transplanted by surgical procedure in the body of the recipient. Organ donation can benefit the recipient largely by improving health, quality and span of his life and even save [ ].
The Ethics of Organ Donation Essay - When viewing organ donation from a moral standpoint we come across many different views depending on the ethical theory. The controversy lies between what is the underlying value and what act is right or wrong. Organ Donation Almost everyone would want to be able to say, “I have saved a life.” By becoming an organ donor, you can be able to say, “I will save a life.”Organ donation is a selfless way to give back to others, and to be able to make a huge difference by giving another person a second chance at life as said on quick-facts-about-donation.
Organ donation does not interfere with funerals, even open casket ones. The body is clothed for burial so there are no visible signs of organ donation. Even if bones are donated there is a rod which is inserted where the bone was removed. Organ Donation Essay 3 ( words) Introduction Organ donation is the process of allowing organ or tissue to be removed surgically from one person to place .