If you are not familiar with it, an annotated bibliography is a writing assignment that asks you to list all of your academic or peer reviewed sources and its relevance for your own work. If you need some help with your annotated bibliography, then the following annotated bibliography on legalizing medical marijuana can help you write you get started.
It lists all of the sources used and then analyzes how they can be used to form a coherent argument. Note that the sources are not just websites with biased and anecodtal data; instead, the sources reflect great information that is reviewed by other scholars. See below for yourself and remember that these sources are cited using APA format. Peter Clark takes a thorough look at the situation of the legalization of medical marijuana.
In doing so, Clark first cited the historical background of medical marijuana from a legal perspective according to DEA compliance policies and the enforcement of it. Evidence surrounding the medical uses of the drug was cited from notable physicians who have undergone studies. Clark also analyzed the case-by-case basis of each state and how the voting progressed and how it impacts its legality.
This source also went into great detail about the legal ramifications of going against federal restrictions and prescribing the drug as an alternative form of medicine. Published by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, book offered research guidelines and protocols when studying the use of medical marijuana.
The author argued that a wide range of diverse studies such as surveys, open ended questions and fill in the blanks need to be used to get a full understanding of the consequences of using Marijuana. This research and these guidelines will be helpful in determining the overall approach to doing medical research.
By using it, I can have another lens of critique when looking at other research studies regarding medical marijuana. He argued that in making political and ideological claims against the use of the drug, scientific evidence has been used anecdotally where it has been seen fit. Finally, he went over certain methods of discreditation that have been historically used against the legalization of marijuana.
This article will be extremely useful in analyzing the promoting the notion that empirical and scientific evidence should have priority over other forms. Lester Grinspoon took a neuroscience perspective with regards to the addictiveness of medical marijuana.
The author argued that since our brain does indeed have a reward center and there is a connection between this part of our brain and THC, there is an addictive trait of marijuana.
The article went into technical details about how dopamine specifically affects this reward center and the implications of it. This article will be useful in providing more detailed background information regarding the use of medical marijuana. This source gave an interesting anecdote for the support of medical Marijuana. The main subject, JJ, was a severely disturbed child who had a history of psychotic and socially dysfunctional behavior. In an effort to help him adjust to society, his mother tried various form of treatment.
Unfortunately, all of these treatments either made his condition worse or did not help. His violent and psychotic behavior not only ceased completely, but he began to excel in the classroom and even helped other classmates. This source will be useful in applying emotional and anecdotal evidence in promoting the use of medical marijuana. Robert Peterson offers a critical analysis of how marijuana transformed from a cultural fad into a serious form of alternative therapy to common disorders.
Firstly, Peterson acknowledged the general complexity of even taking this medication seriously as so much cultural backlash has been presented against it. He then analyzed the effects of marijuana on specific traits: Moreover, Peterson also remarked about the effects on learning, impairment of motor skills, the heart and other vital bodily organs. This research article will prove useful in providing another medical perspective in the positive and adverse effects of medical marijuana, despite its individual and societal benefits.
Arizona's Proposition would create a medical marijuana registry using a card system with a state system to distribute the drug to eligible individuals. Again, in Nevada, Ballot Question 5 would amend the state constitution to decriminalize possession for marijuana quantities amounting to three ounces or less, by a person 21 or older Daily Reports, Washington States' Medical Use of Marijuana Act would allow the medical use of marijuana for debilitating or terminal conditions.
Legalizing the medically supervised use of marijuana is humane, just, and ethical; whereas, maintaining the current criminal status for someone in pain is not. However, opponents say, do not weaken drug laws for the sake of medicine because marijuana supporters do not mention is that statements like this are built on a limited foundation.
Only a few studies have investigated the medicinal benefits of marijuana, and even fewer have examined the effects of long-term marijuana use Daily Reports, Nevada organizers for Ballet Question 5 hope voters in a state where almost anything goes will legalize marijuana and will be the first state allowing adults to possess bought from government-regulated marijuana shops. However, opponents including law enforcement, nation's drug czar, civic, and business groups, argue the measure would encourage the use of other drugs.
Also, questioning whether legalizing marijuana will even prove to be a good source of tax revenue MSNBC, In November, city voters elected Perry Bullard to the Michigan House of Representatives on a platform calling for full legalization of marijuana possession but not for adults throughout the state to sale. However, opponents feel the last 30 years, the college town of Ann Arbor; Michigan has enacted some of the most lenient laws on marijuana possession in the United States.
These include measures approved in a city council ordinance, a voter referendum making possession of small amounts of the substance merely a civil infraction subject to a small fine, and a referendum on the use of medical marijuana Wikipedia, n.
One chemical, cannabinol, may be useful to help people who cannot sleep. Another is taken from premature buds and is called cannabidiolic acid. It is a powerful disinfectant. Marijuana dissolved in rubbing alcohol helps people with the skin disease herpes control their sores, and a salve like this was one of the earliest medical uses for cannabis.
The leaves were once used in bandages and a relaxing non-psychoactive herbal tea can be made from small cannabis stems. As stated before, marijuana is classified by the federal government as a Schedule I drug, a reservation for the most dangerous drugs that have no recognized medical use.
Although many states have legalized medical marijuana, possession, use and cultivation is still illegal on the federal level. There have been past attempts to reclassify marijuana. The government declined to initiate proceedings on the basis of their interpretation of U. The Court ruled against the government and ordered them to process the petition. After continuing to rely on treaty commitments in their interpretation of scheduling related issues concerning the petition a Court decision made it clear that the CSA requires a full scientific and medical evaluation and the fulfillment of the rescheduling process before treaty commitments can be evaluated.
In , Francis L. In his recommendation he stated,. To conclude otherwise, on this record, would be unreasonable, arbitrary and capricious. The second petition was filed by Jon Gettman in It included research and other data that emerged after the record was closed in the prior proceedings before Judge Young and focused primarily on whether cannabis has the high potential for abuse required for Schedule I status.
However, in a federal court denied that petitioners had standing because the petitioners were not injured parties. In , a loosely formed coalition composed of organizations and individuals supporting the reclassification of marijuana known as the Coalition for Rescheduling Cannabis submitted a formal rescheduling petition.
The purpose of this latest rescheduling petition is to demonstrate through volumes of the latest scientific and medical research that cannabis does not have a high potential for abuse, has a relatively low dependence liability, is safe for use under medical supervision, and has an accepted medical use in the United States.
This petition is still in the works. Many states have not legalized marijuana use for medicinal purposes and, in those states, raising a medical necessity defense may be necessary. The basis necessity defense, also known as the "choice of two evils" was available to those who, when confronted with a serious and immediate threat, found they could save themselves only by taking action that violated a law.
The medical necessity defense was established for marijuana in United States v. Randall FN34 in which a glaucoma patient who smoked marijuana in order to retain his eyesight was found not guilty of violating anti-marijuana law by the District of Columbia Superior Court.
Recognizing "the right of an individual to preserve and control his or her body," and observing that "the prohibition of marijuana is not well founded," the court concluded that "the evil the defendant sought to avert, blindness, is greater than that he performed to accomplish it, growing marijuana in his residence in violation of the District of Colombia Code. Generally, for a successful state necessity defense the defendant must show: Under federal law, a defendant must establish the existence of four elements to be entitled to a necessity defense: My thesis is that the legalization of marijuana would have a positive influence on America.
In this paper I have tried to show that this is indeed true. Billions of dollars would be saved in government expenditures and, in fact, revenue from taxation on the regulated sale of marijuana would be in the billions. Nobody has ever died from a marijuana overdose. Finally, and most obviously, marijuana for medical use would benefit many many different sick people with no other legal alternatives.
Is there really any question? The time has come!! FN2 "Legalizing Hemp;" Author unknown. Nov 26, , http: FN3 "Hemp Facts;" Author unknown. Hemp Industries Association; Nov 26, , http: FN5 Biomass, in the energy production industry, refers to living and recently living biological material which can be used as fuel or for industrial production Wikipedia; Biomass; Nov 26, , http: Schaffer Library of Drug Policy.
Control of Marihuana, Alcohol and Tobacco;" Nov 30, FN19 Aldrich, Michael, Ph. FN20 Gieringer, Dale, Ph. FN28 "History and Uses of Marijuana. Americans for Safe Access. FN30 Marijuana Rescheduling Petition. United States Department of Justice. Info for Medical Marijuana Litigators: Federalism Issues and the Necessity Defense.
FN34 United States v. Randall, Daily Wash. FN36 "Medical Necessity Defense. To turn text into a link, highlight the text, then click on a page or file from the list above. This Sidebar appears everywhere on your wiki.
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In this paper I will discuss the history of marijuana, the industrial uses of hemp, the prohibition of marijuana, the economical impact prohibition has on America, the effects of marijuana use on the mind and the body, marijuana for medical use, and how legalization of marijuana would have a positive influence on America.
Free marijuana papers, essays, and research papers. The Legalization of Marijuana - Medical marijuana is one of the most controversial subjects in politics.
Although many are against the legalization of marijuana, this paper will argue that the legalization of marijuana is warranted. It will prove this by weighing marijuana’s effects on the body when smoked against the effects on the body when drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco, by presenting research facts on its medicinal qualities, and. Writing a research paper on legalizing medical marijuana? Read this sample introduction and annotated bibliography to get free 5/5(6).
Legalizing Marijuana Essay Example Research Paper on Legalizing Marijuana. Nowadays medical and cultural aspects united with each other due to heated discussions dedicated to the use of medical marijuana. Read this Miscellaneous Research Paper and over 88, other research documents. Legalization of Marijuana. Legalization of Marijuana Marijuana became popular as a medicine in the United States during the mid-nineteenth century and used to /5(1).