It is a lot more complicated than you think it is. However, if you could give us some pertinent info on the paper that you want, we could surely work on giving you a good organizer for your research paper. In line with this, these are the features to be included-.
There should be complete logical and sequential presentation of the points in order to be effective. Some students believe that just anybody can prepare an organizer or an outline. Pause and think for a moment about the quality of the organizer you get from a person who is not familiar with a topic.
If you want to work on one of the plays of Shakespeare, you cannot get organizers done by a person who has some superficial knowledge and experience of Elizabethan Literature. You need to make sure that the person who prepares the outline is fully conversant with the works of the Bard and can do complete justice to the job on hand. The strength of a research paper argument is directly dependent on the authenticity and relevance of the research paper source or sources that you bring in.
Once you are certain about these sources, it is necessary to place them properly so that the research paper structure is not affected in any way. Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language e. Students employ a wide range of strategies as they write and use different writing process elements appropriately to communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes.
Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions e. Students conduct research on issues and interests by generating ideas and questions, and by posing problems. They gather, evaluate, and synthesize data from a variety of sources e. Students use a variety of technological and information resources e. Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes e.
Prior to this session, you may want to introduce or review Internet search techniques using the lesson Inquiry on the Internet: Evaluating Web Pages for a Class Collection. You may also wish to consult with the school librarian regarding subscription databases designed specifically for student research, which may be available through the school or public library.
Using these types of resources will help to ensure that students find relevant and appropriate information. Using Internet search engines such as Google can be overwhelming to beginning researchers.
Students need to bring their articles to this session. For large classes, have students highlight relevant information as described below and submit the articles for assessment before beginning the session.
Checking Literature Review entries on the same day is best practice, as it gives both you and the student time to plan and address any problems before proceeding. Note that in the finished product this literature review section will be about six paragraphs, so students need to gather enough facts to fit this format.
Students should design some form of original research appropriate to their topics, but they do not necessarily have to conduct the experiments or surveys they propose. Depending on the appropriateness of the original research proposals, the time involved, and the resources available, you may prefer to omit the actual research or use it as an extension activity.
I-Search Process Reflection Chart. This chart asks students to consider their challenges and successes across the span of the research process, from question formulation to the final write-up. As part of an I-Search writing process, this handout facilitates the formation of meaningful questions and subquestions for student inquiry. The sense of curiosity behind research writing gets lost in some school-based assignments. This Strategy Guide provides the foundation for cultivating interest and authority through I-Search writing, including publishing online.
Setting the Stage for Creative Writing: Plot Scaffolds for Beginning and Intermediate Writers. Want to foster creativity and originality in student writing? This practical guide shows how plot scaffolds can be used to help beginning and intermediate writers. I'm a high school special ed. Probably half of my kids are college bound, and this tool is really going to set them up for success today This is such an amazing and useful tool!
I feel that for a large majority of emerging researchers, that this has been extremely effective! We are using this lesson to work on writing a research article. I created a model article out of the example paper and posted it to our blog. Take a look here - http: It redirects you to the site under which you searched. Dan Patterson December 15, Heather May 14, Amy Quam May 02, Marianne November 18, Decide how you will schedule the seven or eight class sessions in the lesson to allow students time for independent research.
If necessary, reserve time in the computer lab for Sessions 2 and 8. Decide which citation website students will use to format reference citations see Websites and bookmark it on student computers. Schedule time for research in the school media center or the computer lab between Sessions 2 and 3. Briefly discuss how this research paper works to answer the question, How does color affect mood?
The example helps students clearly see how a research question leads to a literature review, which in turn leads to analysis, original research, results, and conclusion.
Pass out copies of the Research Paper Scaffold. Explain to students that the procedures involved in writing a research paper follow in order, and each section of the scaffold builds upon the previous one. Briefly describe how each section will be completed during subsequent sessions. The most important strategy in using this model is that students be allowed, within the assigned topic framework, to ask their own research questions.
Introduce the characteristics of a good research question. Explain that in a broad area such as political science, psychology, geography, or economics, a good question needs to focus on a particular controversy or perspective.
Why did Martin Luther King Jr. How has glass affected human culture? What is the history of cheerleading? Explain that students should take care not to formulate a research question so broad that it cannot be answered, or so narrow that it can be answered in a sentence or two. Note that a good question always leads to more questions. Invite students to suggest additional questions resulting from the examples above and from the Example Research Paper Scaffold.
Emphasize that good research questions are open-ended. Open-ended questions can be solved in more than one way and, depending upon interpretation, often have more than one correct answer, such as the question, Can virtue be taught? Closed questions have only one correct answer, such as, How many continents are there in the world?
Open-ended questions are implicit and evaluative, while closed questions are explicit. This question is too narrow for a five-page paper as it can be answered in just a few words.
How does color affect mood? Instruct students to fill in the first section of the Research Paper Scaffold, the Research Question, before Session 2. This task can be completed in a subsequent class session or assigned as homework.
Allowing a few days for students to refine and reflect upon their research question is best practice. Explain that the next section, the Hook, should not be filled in at this time, as it will be completed using information from the literature search. Introduce this session by explaining that students will collect five articles that help to answer their research question.
Once they have printed out or photocopied the articles, they will use a highlighter to mark the sections in the articles that specifically address the research question. Point out that the five different articles may offer similar answers and evidence with regard to the research question, or they may differ.
The final paper will be more interesting if it explores different perspectives. Demonstrate the use of any relevant subscription databases that are available to students through the school, as well as any Web directories or kid-friendly search engines such as KidzSearch that you would like them to use. Remind students that their research question can provide the keywords for a targeted Internet search.
Explain that information found in the articles may lead students to broaden their research question. A good literature review should be a way of opening doors to new ideas, not simply a search for the data that supports a preconceived notion.
Make students aware that their online search results may include abstracts, which are brief summaries of research articles. In many cases the full text of the articles is available only through subscription to a scholarly database. Provide examples of abstracts and scholarly articles so students can recognize that abstracts do not contain all the information found in the article, and should not be cited unless the full article has been read. Internet articles need to be printed out, and articles from print sources need to be photocopied.
Each article used on the Research Paper Scaffold needs to yield several relevant facts, so students may need to collect more than five articles to have adequate sources. Remind students to gather complete reference information for each of their sources.
OOOOutlining Your Conclusion Paragraphutlining Your Conclusion Paragraph Summary Sentence (begin with transition word & sum up the 3 main points).
Research Paper Graphic Organizer. Introduction general facts about topic: Thesis statement: Body Paragraph 1 Topic Sentence: Supporting Detail 1 (with citation).
Working on a research paper with a good research paper organizer is certainly not as easy as putting something together based on formulae. It's a lot more than that. Scaffolding Methods for Research Paper Writing. A research paper scaffold provides students with clear support for writing expository papers that include a question (problem), literature review, analysis, methodology for original research, results, conclusion, and references. Grades 9 – 12 | Printout | Graphic Organizer. I-Search.
Graphic Organizer: Research Note-Taking Made Easy use their collected notes to write a research essay/paper. Keywords research, bats, graphic organizer, notes, note taking, study skills Materials Needed Note-Taking Graphic Organizer * library and/or Internet resources related to the topic of research. I am completing my research paper on Abraham Lincoln and I already formulated my three questions to help guide my research. Teacher places graphic organizer on the overhead. Teacher writes in research questions under each heading.