It provides the framework for the federal national government and establishes a system of federalism , by which responsibilities are divided between the national government and the states' governments. One of the important principles on which the Constitution is based is the separation of powers , which divides power between the three separate branches of the federal government. The legislative branch represented by Congress has the power to create laws; the executive branch represented by the president and his advisers has the power to enforce laws; and the judicial branch represented by the Supreme Court and other federal courts has the power to dismiss or reverse laws that it determines are "unconstitutional.
When the United States won its independence from England in , a majority of Americans felt a stronger allegiance to their individual states than to their new country.
Most people did not wish to create a strong national government, far away from their homes, over which they felt they would have little or no control -- they had just fought a long and bitter war to free themselves from such a government. In response to these suspicions, leaders organized the new American government according to a document known as the Articles of Confederation. The Articles gave each state a great deal of independence and represented little more than a league of friendship between them.
The main purpose of the Articles was to establish a system by which the states could co-operate if they needed to defend themselves against a foreign enemy. The Articles established a Congress that could raise an army and a navy, but only when the states gave permission.
Congress also had the authority to issue and borrow money and to handle foreign and Indian affairs. Congress could also pass laws, yet it did not have the power to make the states obey them. Nor was it able to control citizen uprisings, such as Shays' Rebellion , which occurred from to Farmers in western Massachusetts staged violent protests against their state government.
As a result of this and other similar revolts, many people began to feel that a stronger national government might be necessary after all. In leaders in Virginia passed a resolution calling for delegates from the 13 states to meet in Annapolis, Maryland, to discuss the nation's problems. Their goal was to amend change the Articles to make the national government more effective.
But only twelve representatives from five states attended this Annapolis Convention , so they resolved to call another meeting the following year. On May 14, , delegates from twelve of the states all except Rhode Island began to gather in Philadelphia, and the Constitutional Convention opened in Independence Hall on May 25th. In attendance were many remarkably talented scholars, philosophers, war leaders, and politicians.
Alexander Hamilton, representing New York, was largely responsible for arranging the Constitutional Convention. Benjamin Franklin, representing Pennsylvania, freely offered the incomparable wisdom of his 81 years. Gouverneur Morris, also from Pennsylvania, headed up the committee that actually wrote the Constitution. George Washington, from Virginia, took the chair as president of the convention.
And James Madison, also from Virginia, earned the nickname "Father of the Constitution" because time and again his brilliant ideas and tireless energy kept the convention moving toward its goal. The first national government was the Articles of the Confederation. The Articles was a weak government were all of the power was in the states.
The group formed because farmers were starting to lose their land because they could not pay off their debt. The rebellion failed at destroying the government but it showed people that their government was too weak and that they needed change. In response to all of the unrest about a change in government, the people held the Constitutional Convention.
The constitutional convention was only created to revise the Articles, but instead we came up with a different government. Two plans were talked about during the convention, the Virginia Plan, which favored large states, and the New Jersey plan, which favored smaller states. Everyone finally got into an agreement except for the Southern States. After everyone was in agreement, the members of the Constitutional Convention signed the United States Constitution and added in the Bill of Rights, which are now the first 10 out of 27 amendments.
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Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. I am a very outspoken person and I like to speak my mind on issues of all kind. The country I was born in did not guarantee freedom of speech.
People could be arrested or even killed for expressing their opinion. My parents tell me of some things they went through just to express their thoughts. Those stories have made me appreciate the right to speak without fear of being punished by the government. The writers of the Constitution wanted people to feel safe that they could express their thoughts, but they did not mean that a pornography store should be allowed to do business a few blocks from public schools.
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After about 6 years, this government didn't work very well, because of civil unrest, bad trade, and inflation. A group of people led by George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin, and others, believed in the constitution. These people were called Federalists. Constitution Essay Our constitution is the basis of what this country is about. This country stands for freedom and starting a life where you truly have the free will to .