Your topic may include broad concepts or terms of art that you will need to define for your reader. Your introduction isn't the place to reiterate basic dictionary definitions. However, if there is a key term that may be interpreted differently depending on the context, let your readers know how you're using that term.
Definitions also come in handy in legal or political essays, where a term may have different meanings depending on the context in which they are used. Move from the general to the specific. It can be helpful to think of your introduction as an upside-down pyramid.
With your hook sitting on top, your introduction welcomes your readers to the broader world in which your thesis resides. Draw your reader in gradually. For example, if you're writing an essay about drunk driving fatalities, you might start with an anecdote about a particular victim.
Then you could provide national statistics, then narrow it down further to statistics for a particular gender or age group. After you've set up the context within which you're making your argument, tell your readers the point of your essay. Use your thesis statement to directly communicate the unique point you will attempt to make through your essay. Avoid including fluff such as "In this essay, I will attempt to show Your outline should be specific, unique, and provable.
Through your essay, you'll make points that will show that your thesis statement is true — or at least persuade your readers that it's most likely true.
Describe how you're going to prove your point. Round out your introduction by providing your readers with a basic roadmap of what you will say in your essay to support your thesis statement. In most cases, this doesn't need to be more than a sentence. For example, if you're writing an essay about the unification of Italy, you might list 3 obstacles to unification. In the body of your essay, you would discuss details about how each of those obstacles was addressed or overcome.
Instead of just listing all of your supporting points, sum them up by stating "how" or "why" your thesis is true. For example, instead of saying, "Phones should be banned from classrooms because they distract students, promote cheating, and make too much noise," you might say "Phones should be banned from classrooms because they act as an obstacle to learning. Transition smoothly into the body of your essay. In many cases, you'll find that you can move straight from your introduction to the first paragraph of the body.
Some introductions, however, may require a short transitional sentence at the end to flow naturally into the rest of your essay. If you find yourself pausing or stumbling between the paragraphs, work in a transition to make the move smoother. You can also have friends or family members read your easy.
If they feel it's choppy or jumps from the introduction into the essay, see what you can do to smooth it out. Read essays by other writers in your discipline. What constitutes a good introduction will vary widely depending on your subject matter. A suitable introduction in one academic discipline may not work as well in another.
Take note of conventions that are commonly used by writers in that discipline. Make a brief outline of the essay based on the information presented in the introduction.
Then look at that outline as you read the essay to see how the essay follows it to prove the writer's thesis statement. Keep your introduction short and simple. Generally, your introduction should be between 5 and 10 percent of the overall length of your essay. If you're writing a page paper, your introduction should be approximately 1 page.
Always follow your instructor's guidelines for length. These rules can vary at times based on genre or form of writing. Write your introduction after you write your essay. Some writers prefer to write the body of the essay first, then go back and write the introduction.
It's easier to present a summary of your essay when you've already written it. For example, you may realize that you're using a particular term that you need to define in your introduction. Revise your introduction to fit your essay. If you wrote your introduction first, go back and make sure your introduction provides an accurate roadmap of your completed paper. Even if you wrote an outline, you may have deviated from your original plans.
Given the shortness of the introduction, every sentence should be essential to your reader's understanding of your essay. Structure your introduction effectively. An essay introduction is fairly formulaic, and will have the same basic elements regardless of your subject matter or academic discipline.
While it's short, it conveys a lot of information. The next couple of sentences create a bridge between your hook and the overall topic of the rest of your essay. End your introduction with your thesis statement and a list of the points you will make in your essay to support or prove your thesis statement.
I would first narrow your subject down to one sport so you can be more focused. Note that this will likely be an informative essay. After you do this, an interesting hook statement may be an anecdote describing an intense moment in that chosen sport to get your audience interested.
This can be made up or from your own experience with the sport. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 6. An effective hook statement to start your essay about this topic may be a statistic about HIV, or perhaps an anecdote about someone facing this diagnosis and trying to make positive lifestyle changes for their health. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 5.
This is easier said than done of course, but a good intro starts with a quote, fact, or brief story that interests the reader. If it interested you while reading or researching, it's a great thing to start with. Just keep it short and it will be great. Not Helpful 38 Helpful Skip it, write down your main points, and build the body of your essay.
Once you know all the areas you want to cover, think about what links them all together, and what the main thing you're trying to convey is. Not Helpful 27 Helpful Start off with a mini thesis which states what the body paragraph is talking about. Not Helpful 28 Helpful Start with the basics -- what do you think about the topic?
What argument can you make about it? Once you have an argument, start jotting down the evidence for the argument. This evidence will make up your paragraphs later on. If it's easiest, just skip the introduction now and come back once you're done -- you'll have all the ideas already drawn out. My assignment is to summarize an already-written essay: To summarize, you really need to condense what's there and put everything into your own words -- this will include the introduction.
It's fine to use the content of the introduction, but make sure not to copy the writing word-for-word. Not Helpful 16 Helpful Start with something like "Heart disease is a serious condition that takes the lives of number Americans every year.
Maybe something about how we can encourage more people to go to the doctor to get a diagnosis before it becomes more serious. Not Helpful 17 Helpful Generally, one starts an essay with an interesting quote, fact, or story to make the reader want to continue reading.
Did you know that every year? Then you can begin to talk about background information and a thesis. A thesis usually lays out a brief summary of the points you want to make and includes your position on the topic. Dogs are ideal pets because of their loyalty to humans and their great trainability. Not Helpful 14 Helpful How can I write the introduction for an essay on the effects of peer pressure among teenagers?
Talk about the problem first, this way the reader can understand why you are talking about effects and so the reader gets a good background on the subject. Not Helpful 3 Helpful Answer this question Flag as How do I write an introduction for an essay on my perception of and experiences with writing?
How do I write and introduction for this research topic teachers strategies in connection to student learning? What is the precisely and concisely introduction, thesis, body and conclusion part of an integrity, transparent and visionary leader?
Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Quick Summary Start your introduction with a relevant story, fact, or quote that will engage readers. Did this summary help you? Sometimes it is surprising because it includes profanity.
Professional writers have honed this technique to a fine edge. It is not used as much as the first two patterns, but it is used. People like to know what celebrities say and do. Dropping the name of a famous person at the beginning of a paper usually gets the reader's attention.
It may be something that person said or something he or she did that can be presented as an interest grabber. You may just mention the famous person's name to get the reader's interest. The famous person may be dead or alive. The famous person may be a good person like the Pope, or he or she may be a bad person like John Wilkes Booth.
Of course, bringing up this person's name must be relevant to the topic. Even though the statement or action may not be readily relevant, a clever writer can convince the reader that it is relevant.
This technique is quite commonly used, but it must be carefully used or the writer defeats his whole purpose of using one of these patterns, to get the reader's interest.
In this pattern, the writer simply states straight out what the topic of his paper is going to be about. It is the technique that most student writers use with only modest success most of the time, but good professional writers use it too. These patterns can give a "lift" to your writing. Try using two or three different patterns for your introductory paragraph and see which introductory paragraph is best; it's often a delicate matter of tone and of knowing who your audience is.
Do not forget, though, that your introductory paragraph should also include a thesis statement to let your reader know what your topic is and what you are going to say about that topic. Things NOT to do in an introductory paragraph: Never suggest that you don't know what you're talking about or that you're not enough of an expert in this matter that your opinion would matter.
Your reader will quickly turn to something else. Avoid phrases like the following: In my [humble] opinion. I'm not sure about this, but. Do not flatly announce what you are about to do in an essay. In this paper I will. The purpose of this essay is to. Get into the topic and let your reader perceive your purpose in the topic sentence of your beginning paragraph. Use a dictionary or encyclopedia definition. Although definitions are extremely useful and it might serve your purpose to devise your own definition s later in the essay, you want to avoid using this hackneyed beginning to an essay.
Move confidently into your essay. Many writers find it useful to write a warm-up paragraph or two, even to get them into the essay, to sharpen their own idea of what they're up to, and then they go back and delete the running start. It is used here with his permission. Students are told from the first time they receive instruction in English composition that their introductory paragraphs should accomplish two tasks: They should get the reader's interest so that he or she will want to read more.
They should let the reader know what the writing is going to be about. The victory brought pure elation and joy. It was May , just days after the Supreme Court's landmark ruling in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. Telegrams of congratulations poured in from around the world; reporters and well-wishers crowded the halls. Mike Cantlon remembers coming across his first auction ten years ago while cruising the back roads of Wisconsin.
He parked his car and wandered into the crowd, toward the auctioneer's singsong chant and wafting smell of barbecued sandwiches. In this article the author explains what auctions are, how to spot bargains in auctions, what to protect yourself from at auctions, and other facts about auctions and the people who go to them. Accidents kill nearly children under age 15 each year.
The introductory paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with a sentence that piques the interest of your readers. In a well-constructed first paragraph, that first sentence will lead into three or four sentences that provide details about the subject or your process you will address in the body of your essay.
The opening paragraph of your paper will provide your readers with their initial impressions of your argument, your writing style, and the overall quality of your work. A vague, disorganized, error-filled, off-the-wall, or boring introduction will probably create a negative impression.
Since the dawn of man, writing has been used to communicate ideas. In academic settings, ideas are typically communicated using formal types of writing such as essays. Most academic essays contain an introductory paragraph, which includes a thesis. Sep 08, · An introduction paragraph is a paragraph used to introduct something. For example, if you are writing a personal letter to your teacher, you would introduce yourself in the introduction paragraph. If you are writing a presuasive essay, you would put your statements in the introduction paragraph.
Writing the introductory paragraph can be a frustrating and slow process -- but it doesn't have to be. If you planned your paper out, then most of the introductory paragraph is already written. Now you just need a beginning and an end. Writing Effective Introductions Great writers know that effective and impacting essays begin with an interesting and engaging introduction that reveals their thesis and purpose, while capturing the reader’s attention.